CERTIFICATION OF PRODUCTS
In general, in order for a product to be freely placed on the market, it must comply with the safety requirements set by EU directives and required by specific regulations. The EU directives establish that, for certain types of product, the manufacturer needs a specific certification of the product itself before being able to proceed with the sale and placing on the market.
To obtain this certification, it is possible to contact a Notified Body, thus undertaking the path of MANDATORY CERTIFICATION.
Other types of products, on the other hand, do not require mandatory certification. In this case the manufacturer places the product on the market under their own responsibility, ensuring compliance with all the fixed legislative requirements.
Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC.
The Directive 2006/42/EC of 17 May 2006 was transposed and implemented for Italy by the Legislative Decree of 27 January 2010, No. 17 and entered into force throughout Europe from 29 December 2009.
It defines the safety and public health requirements that machines must meet before they are placed on the market and is applied to the following products:
- Interchangeable equipment;
- Safety components;
- Lifting accessories;
- Chains, ropes and belts designed and constructed for lifting purposes as part of lifting machinery or lifting accessories;
- Removable mechanical transmission devices;
- Partly completed machinery
In particular, the Machines are checked in accordance with the procedures described in Article 12 and shown below and in particular:
- If the machine is included in the list of Annex IV of the Directive, the manufacturer must contact a Notified Body requesting the EC Certification of the machine.
In this case, Vericert, as an authorised Certification Body, will issue one of the following certifications:
- EC certification according to Annex IX – Type Certification or Single Copy
- EC certification according to Annex X – Total Quality Guarantee
- If the machine is not included in the list of Annex IV of the Directive, the manufacturer applies the assessment procedure described in Annex VIII: the Manufacturer elaborates the Technical File of the machine (Ann. VII part A) and ensures compliance with the requirements of the Directive. In this case, the manufacturer may apply to a Notified Body voluntarily requesting the Declaration of Conformityof his product.
Annex IV – List of machines for which the certification procedure is to be applied and for which Vericert is qualified
- Circular saws (single- or multi-blade) for working with wood and material with similar physical characteristics or for working with meat and material with similar physical characteristics, of the following types:
- sawing machinery with fixed blade(s) during cutting, having a fixed bed or support with manual feed of the workpiece or with a removable power feed device;
- sawing machinery with fixed blade(s) during cutting, having a manually operated reciprocating saw-bench or carriage;
- sawing machinery with fixed blade(s) during cutting, having a built-in mechanical feed device for the workpieces, with manual loading and/or unloading;
- sawing machinery with movable blade(s) during cutting, having built-in mechanical feed of the blade, with manual loading and/or unloading.
- Hand-fed surface planing machinery for woodworking.
- Planing for one-side dressing having a built-in mechanical feed device, with manual loading and/or unloading for woodworking.
- Band-saws with manual loading and/or unloading for working with wood and material with similar physical characteristics or for working with meat and material with similar physical characteristics, of the following types:
- sawing machinery with fixed blade(s) during cutting, having a fixed or reciprocating-movement bed or support for the workpiece;
- sawing machinery with blade(s) assembled on a carriage with reciprocating motion.
- Combined machinery of the types referred to in points 1 to 4 and in point 7 for working with wood and material with similar physical characteristics.
- Hand-fed tenoning machines with several tool holders for woodworking.
- Hand-fed vertical spindle moulding machinery for woodworking and material with similar physical characteristics.
- Portable chainsaws for woodworking.
- Presses, including press-brakes, for the cold working of metals, with manual loading and/or unloading, whose movable working parts may have a range exceeding 6 mm and a speed exceeding 30 mm/s.
- Injection or compression plastics-moulding machinery with manual loading or unloading.
- Injection or compression rubber-moulding machines with manual loading or unloading.
- Machinery for underground working of the following types:
- locomotives and brake-trucks;
- hydraulic self-propelled framework.
- Manually-loaded trucks for the collection of household refuse incorporating a compression mechanism.
- Removable mechanical transmission devices including their guards.
- Guards for removable mechanical transmission devices.
- Vehicles servicing lifts.
- Devices for the lifting of people or of people and goods involving a hazard of falling from a vertical height of more than three metres.
- Portable cartridge-operated fixing and other impact machinery.
- Protective devices designed to detect the presence of people.
- Power-operated interlocking movable guards designed to be used as safeguards in machinery referred to in points 9, 10 and 11.
- Logic units to ensure safety functions.
- Roll-over protective structures (ROPS).
- Falling-object protective structures (FOPS).
Pressure Equipment Directive – PED – 2014/68/EU
Directive 2014/68/EU of 15 May 2014 concerning the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of pressure equipment, officially entered into force on 19 July 2016, definitively replacing Directive 97/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 May 1997.
This Directive should apply to pressure equipment subject to a maximum allowable pressure PS greater than 0.5 bar. Pressure equipment subject to a pressure of not more than 0.5 bar does not pose a significant risk due to pressure. Therefore, there should not be any obstacle to its free movement within the European Union.
When placed on the market, manufacturers shall ensure that all appropriate measures have been taken to ensure that pressure equipment and assemblies meet the requirements of this Directive in the case of adequate installation and maintenance and use in accordance with their intended purpose.
With this in mind, Vericert, as a third-party certification body, is in charge of EC certification of pressure equipment pursuant to Article 1, through the following conformity assessment procedures as per Annex III:
- MODULE A2: Internal production control plus supervised pressure equipment checks at random intervals
- MODULE B: EU type test – Type of production
- MODULE B: EU type test – Type of project
- MODULE C2: Conformity to Type based on internal production control plus officially supervised pressure equipment checks at random intervals
- MODULE D: Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process
- MODULE D1: Quality assurance of the production process
- MODULE E: Conformity to type based on quality assurance of pressure equipment
- MODULE E1: Quality assurance of inspection and testing of finished pressure equipment
- MODULE F: Conformity to type based on verification of pressure equipment
- MODULE G: Conformity based on unit verification
- MODULE H: Conformity based on total quality guarantee
- MODULE H1: Conformity based on total quality assurance with design control
Article 1 – Scope of application
- This Directive shall apply to the design, manufacture and conformity assessment of pressure equipment and assemblies with a maximum allowable pressure PS greater than 0.5 bar.
- This Directive shall not apply to:
- pipelines comprising piping or a system of piping designed for the conveyance of any fluid or substance to or from an installation (onshore or offshore) starting from and including the last isolation device located within the confines of the installation, including all the annexed equipment designed specifically for pipelines. This exclusion does not apply to standard pressure equipment such as may be found in pressure reduction stations or compression stations;
- networks for the supply, distribution and discharge of water and associated equipment as well as headraces such as penstocks, pressure tunnels, pressure shafts for hydroelectric installations and their related specific accessories;
- simple pressure vessels pursuant to Directive 2014/29 EU of the European Parliament and of the Council (1);
- the aerosols referred to in Council Directive 75/324/EEC (2);
- equipment designed to operate vehicles as defined in the following legal acts:
- Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (3);
- Regulation (EU) No 167/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (1);
- Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2);
- equipment classified as no higher than category I under Article 13 of this Directive and covered by one of the following Directives:
- Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (3);
- Directive 2014/33/EU of the European Parliament and the Council (4);
- Directive 2014/35/EU of the European Parliament and the Council (5);
- Council Directive 93/42/EEC (6);
- Directive 2009/142/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (7);
- Directive 2014/34/EU of the European Parliament and the Council (8);
- the equipment referred to in Article 346 (1) (b) TFEU;
- items specifically designed for nuclear use, failure of which may cause an emission of radioactivity;
- well-control equipment used in petroleum, gas or geothermal exploration and extraction industry and in underground storage which is intended to contain and/or control well pressure. This comprises the wellhead (Christmas tree), the blow out preventers (BOP), the piping manifolds and all their equipment upstream;
- equipment comprising casings or machinery where the dimensioning, choice of material and manufacturing rules are based primarily on requirements for sufficient strength, rigidity and stability to meet the static and dynamic operational effects or other operational characteristics and for which pressure is not a significant design factor. Such equipment may include:
- engines including turbines and internal combustion engines,
- steam engines, gas/steam turbines, turbo-generators, compressors, pumps and actuating devices;
- blast furnaces including the furnace cooling system, hot-blast recuperators, dust extractors and blast-furnace exhaust-gas scrubbers and direct reducing cupolas, including the furnace cooling, gas converters and pans for melting, re-melting, de-gassing and casting of steel and non-ferrous metals;
- enclosures for high-voltage electrical equipment such as switchgear, control gear, transformers, and rotating machines;
- pressurised pipes for the containment of transmission systems, e.g. for electrical power and telephone cables;
- ships, rockets, aircraft and mobile off-shore units, as well as equipment specifically intended for installation on board or the propulsion thereof;
- pressure equipment consisting of a flexible casing, e.g. tyres, air cushions, balls used for play, inflatable craft, and other similar pressure equipment;
- exhaust and inlet silencers;
- bottles or cans for carbonated drinks for final consumption;
- vessels designed for the transport and distribution of drinks having a PS 7V of not more than 500 bar L and a maximum allowable pressure not exceeding 7 bar;
- equipment covered by Directives 2008/68/EC and 2010/35/EU and equipment covered by the International Maritime Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods and the International Convention for Civil Aviation;
- radiators and pipes in warm water heating systems;
- vessels designed to contain liquids with a gas pressure above the liquid of not more than 0.5 bar.
Lift Directive and safety components for lifts 2014/33/EU
Directive 2014/33/EU of 26 February 2014, for the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to lifts and safety components for lifts, officially entered into force on 20 April 2016, definitively replacing the 95/16/EC Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 June 1995.
This Directive shall apply to lifts permanently serving buildings and constructions intended for the transporting of:
- people and goods;
- goods alone if the carrier is accessible, that is to say a person may enter it without difficulty, and fitted with controls situated inside the carrier or within reach of a person inside the carrier.
It also applies to the safety components for lifts listed in Annex III used in the lifts referred to in the first paragraph.
- a lift may be placed on the market and put into service only if correctly installed, subjected to adequate maintenance and used according to their intended use, satisfying the requirements of this directive;
- safety components for lifts can be made available on the market and put into service only if correctly assembled, properly maintained and used according to their intended use, meeting the requirements of this directive.
When placing a lift on the market, installers ensure that it has been designed, manufactured, installed and tested in accordance with the essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex I. Upon issuing their safety components for lifts on the market, manufacturers shall ensure that they have been designed and manufactured in accordance with Article 5 (2).
In this context, it is possible to contact Vericert for the following types of EC Certification of lifts according to Presidential Decree 162/99 and Presidential Decree 214/2010:
- EC certification according to Annex V
Final testing of lifts
- EC certification according to Annex VIII
Module G – Conformity based on the verification of the unit on the lifts
- Certification issued pursuant to paragraph 1, letter a) of Presidential Decree 8/2015
Not applicable to plants